雅思阅读长难句解析之倒装句

发布日期:2019-05-10

发布作者:普师教育

查阅次数:423次

      1.Down came the “white only” notices in buses, hotels, trains, restaurants,sporting events, rest rooms and on park benches that once could be foundeverywhere throughout the South.

  结构

  全句有2个谓语动词:came,could be。其中主句的是:came。按照正常语序句子主干应该是:The “white only” notices… came down.Notices后面的介词短语,作为后置定语修饰notices。介词短语后面还有一个that引导的定语从句修饰notices。为了避免主语部分过于冗长,因而将主谓倒装。

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  2.由否定词(not/never/little/no sooner/notuntil/hardly/rarely/scarcely/seldom/nowhere)开头的句子引起部分倒装.

  Little did we expect that he would fulfill his task so rapidly.

  No sooner do I get one problem settled before another appears.

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  3.Splendid is the architecture of Manhattan, the heart of the city, withits hundred and more skyscrapers.

  结构

  全句只有1个谓语动词:is。本句是一个完全倒装句。按照正常语序应该是:The architecture of Manhattan, the heartof the city, with its hundred and more skyscrapers, is splendid.

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  4.从属连接词 “no sooner..than, scarcely..when, hardly..when”等表示“一…就…”概念时,且“nosooner, scarcely,hardly’’置于旬首时,引起部分倒装。此结构中的谓语动词用“过去完成时(从句)+过去时(主句)"

  Hardly had he arrived when she heard the telephone ring.

  No sooner had we gone home than it began to rain heavily.

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  5.Worse perhaps was the idea of Saturday afternoon cricket; most of myfriends would be enjoying leisure at that time.

  结构

  全句有2个谓语动词:was和would be。整句话由两个简单句构成,其中第一个简单句是一个完全倒装句,按照正常语序应该是:The idea ofSaturday afternoon cricket was perhaps worse。


  6.虚拟条件句中若有“were,should,had,”时。可省略“if,’,引起部分倒装.

  Should it rain tomorrow, I shall stay at home.

  Were I you,1 wouldn’t buy this book.


  7.Only when he has lost his way does he realize that he wasn’t carefulenough to make sure that he really did understand.

  结构

  全句有4个谓语动词:has,does realize,wasn’t和did understand.。其中主句的是:doesrealize。本句话是以only开头的强调句,其所强调的是when引导的条件状语从句。第一个that引导的是realize的宾语从句。第一个that引导的是makesure的宾语从句。

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  8.Were it left to me to decide whether we should have a government withoutnewspapers or newspapers without government, I should not hesitate a moment toprefer the latter.

  结构 全句有3个谓语动词:were,should have和should hesitate。其中主句的是:shouldhesitate。本句是一个条件式虚拟倒装句。前半部分是一个if引导的条件状语从句,按照正常语序为:If it were left to me todecide…。whether引导的是decide的宾语从句。


  9.当“So…that”中的“so”位于句首时,引起部分倒装;如果谓语为“be”,则引起全部倒装。其构成倒装的基本结构为“So+形容词/情态动词/tobe十主语”

  So fast did he run that I couldn’t keep up with him.

  So loudly did he speak that students at the back heard him clearly.



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